The best defence against solar damage is to avoid the sun. Other safety measures include using sunscreen, protective gear, and avoiding direct sunlig
The best defence against solar damage is to avoid the sun. Other safety measures include using sunscreen, protective gear, and avoiding direct sunlight during the height of the sun’s UV radiation.
What risks do sun exposure present?
Sunburn is the immediate risk of too much sun exposure. Under a powerful microscope, you could see that the blood vessels and cellular structure of burnt skin have been harmed. Repeated sun exposure causes the skin to look leathery, dry, wrinkled, and discolored. Even while the skin seems to be thicker, it has really been thinned, making it more prone to bruising.
But the biggest danger posed by the sun is that it is a major contributor to skin cancer, which is now the most prevalent form of cancer.
What is Sunscreen?
Sunscreens, also referred to as “chemical sunscreen” or “chemical SPF,” are made up of a number of chemicals that absorb UVA and UVB rays and then convert them into heat through a chemical process. Some study ingredient lists will be acquainted with at least some of these sunscreen ingredients, such as benzophenones, avobenzone, and ecamsule, which block UVA rays, as well as cinnamates, salicylates, octocrylene, and ensulizole, which block UVB rays.
The effectiveness of a sunscreen depends on its absorption. According to rumour, sunscreens typically have a thinner texture that penetrates the skin without leaving a white film or oily residue, which certain sunblocks (but not all, as you’ll see) can sometimes do, making them perfect for people who follow a multi-layered skincare routine. However, it’s crucial to apply sunscreen at least 30 minutes before exposure to the sun because it’s partially absorbed by the body. Additionally, you don’t need to reapply sunscreens as frequently because they typically last longer than sunblock.
According to doctors, avoiding sun damage will help you avoid the majority of skin cancers.
1. Wear Lip Protection Products
The highest incidence of skin cancer on the entire face is seen on the lips, which do not produce enough pigment to provide protection from the sun. They may be more susceptible to UV damage, creases, and wrinkles since they are delicate and protrude. To stop the ageing of your lips, use lipstick and lip gloss with SPF 30 or higher. Lipsticks with a deeper tint shield the lips from the sun; keep in mind that zinc and titanium, which are components used in physical therapy, are frequently included in the production of lipsticks.
2. Protect both against Screens and the Sun
In the same way that we shield ourselves from the sun, we should also shield ourselves from the HEV rays that the sun emits, as well as from electronics and lightbulbs. HEV light has been shown to cause more inflammation than all other rays put together, which aggravates skin conditions like melasma and post-inflammatory pigmentation. It can have a serious impact on the skin and eyes. You don’t need to reapply because fractionated melanin exhibits 100% protection against HEV light and lasts for 10 hours. In the skin, HEV light activates 90 genes but fractionated melanin stops all gene activation.
3. Boost Your Skin’s Barrier for Additional Protection
We are all aware that exposure to the sun can cause our skin to become dry and parched. The water in the skin barrier dries out under the sun. This shield keeps the light from penetrating our skin because when the water evaporates, it punches holes in it. To fill the “holes” in the skin, she advises utilizing UV protection that also contains barrier repair agents.
4. SPF: Size doesn’t Matter
Every year, it seems as though the sunscreen market produces products with an increasing SPF. According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) SPF, or sun protection factor, is a measurement of how much sun a person may be subjected to while wearing a certain sunscreen without developing a sunburn as opposed to how much sun a person could be exposed to while not wearing any protection. It is imperative to always use broad-spectrum sunscreen, whether inside or outside, in all weather conditions. It is the secret to stopping skin cancer, excruciating burns, wrinkles, sun spots, and collagen deterioration. Vitamin C is one of the finest antioxidants available, so using sunscreen with it effectively doubles its skin-protective effects.
5. Sunscreens shield users from sunburn
Sun damage to the skin can take several forms, including sunburns. The sun can still harm your skin even if it doesn’t burn. For instance, UVA radiation, which sunscreens frequently fail to adequately prevent, might enter the skin deeper and produce free radicals. These free radicals can interact with several components in the body, harm DNA, and hasten the ageing process of the skin. Zinc oxide, which is a component in certain sunscreens, is the most effective substance for blocking UVA rays.
Advice on Applying Sunscreen
How successfully a person is protected will depend on a number of other crucial aspects. Application and a variety of other actions unrelated to sunscreen use are significant.
Here are a few instances:
Precautions: Wearing clothing, sunglasses, and hats are crucial for lowering UV light exposure to the skin.
How evenly the sunscreen is applied: This is challenging if certain body parts rub or perspire more than others.
How much is used: For people of normal body size, one ounce of sunscreen is thought to be adequate.
The time of day: It is best to avoid the sun when it is high, for example, between 10.00 a.m. and 4.00 p.m. The rays are stronger at this time.
According to the FDA, we receive the same amount of solar energy in 15 minutes at 1 pm as we would in an hour at 9.00 am. In other words, exposure is four times stronger when the sun is high in the sky. No sunscreen has been proven to provide all-day protection, and no product has been proven to be totally waterproof.
You should take further precautions to shield your skin from the sun’s rays in addition to applying sunscreen. Try to stay in the shade from 10:00 am till 4:00pm. The sun is then at its strongest and most hazardous. Put on a wide-brimmed hat and some sunglasses. If you want to spend a lot of time outdoors, dress in long sleeves and long pants. Apply sunscreen to any exposed skin anyway. Another option is to wear clothing made of fabric that has built-in sun protection.